Resilience has been defined as, "the ability to adapt when faced with tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and continuous life-stressors". In traumatic brain injury, resilience is about effective coping. When suffering a traumatic brain injury, resilient people can have a positive outcome regarding a number of aspects of their life.
Some of the effects of traumatic brain injury can include:
- Cognitive problems including difficulty with memory and thinking;
- Emotional problems including behavior changes;
- Difficulty in communicating;
- Physical problems including vision, hearing, taste, smell, balance, and mobility;
- Problems with perception.
- The traumatic brain injury victim that is resilient can overcome many of the above problems by changing their focus and coping with the problems and looking forward to the further instead of despair about what has been lost.
The following are suggestions to help the TBI victim be resilient and cope and maintain a positive outlook:
- Rest - the brain requires a lot of rest to reset neuro-networks and avoid fatigue. Getting enough rest promotes resilience, avoids fatigue, and depression;
- Family Interaction - resiliency is promoted by interacting with family for support and sharing ideas and interests;
- Nutrition - maintaining a balanced diet and getting the proper nutrition helps to maintain and increase strength;
- Exercise - maintaining a regimen of regular exercise greatly improves the outlook on life and increases coping abilities;
- Support Groups - having a substantial network with a focus on peer-support, adjustment, and coping;
- Counseling - having an anchor-person who is a constant in the life of the victim helping solve problems who is readily available such as a psychologist or counselor greatly improves coping;
- Medication - working with a physician and obtaining the proper medication can also be a necessity.